A valvuloplasty, also known as balloon valvuloplasty or balloon valvotomy, is a procedure to repair a heart valve that has a narrowed opening.
In this valve condition, the valve flaps (leaflets) may become thick or stiff, and they may fuse together (stenosis). This causes the valve opening to be narrowed and results in reduced blood flow through the valve.
If you have severe valve stenosis we may recommend a valvuloplasty to repair a mitral valve, aortic valve, or pulmonary valves. This procedure involves inserting a long, thin catheter with a balloon on the tip into an artery in your arm or groin. The catheter is guided to the valve using X-ray imaging. The ballon is then inflated, which expands the opening of the valve and separates the leaflets. The balloon is then deflated, and the catheter and balloon are removed.